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Blue Lacy PuppiesPuppy 0 - 7 Weeks
Awareness, Neonatal, Transition and Canine Socialization. Puppy is with littermates and mother. This period, puppy learns about inhibiting aggression, play, and social interaction from mother and littermates. It is crucial that puppies stay with their mother and littermates during this very critical period. Puppies learn the most important lesson in their lives--they learn to accept discipline.

Puppy 7 - 14 Weeks

This is their Puppy Human Socialization Period. Although his attention span is short, the puppy now has the brain waves of an adult dog. This time frame is when the most rapid learning occurs. Learning at this age is permanent making this the perfect time to start training. This is also the ideal time to introduce the puppy to things that will play an important part in his life. Introduce the puppy to as many different people, places, animals, and sounds as possible, in a positive, non-threatening way.

Puppy 8 - 10 / 11 Weeks
Fear Imprint Period of their growth. Avoid frightening the puppy during this period at all costs. Any traumatic, frightening or painful experience will have a more lasting effect on the puppy than if it occurred at any other time in its life.

Puppy 13- 16 Weeks
Puppy Seniority Classification Period or the Age of Cutting. Puppy cuts teeth and apron strings! Puppy begins testing who is going to be pack leader. You must discourage any and all biting because such biting is a sign of dominance! It is important that you are a strong and consistent leader. Puppy formal training must begin. Such training will help you establish your leadership.

Puppy 4 - 8 Months
This is the Play and Flight Instinct Period. Puppy may wander and ignore you. It is very important that you keep the puppy on a leash at this time! The way that you handle the puppy at this time determines if the puppy will come to you when called. At about 4-1/2 months, the puppy loses his milk teeth and gets his adult teeth. That's when he'll begin his serious chewing! A dog's teeth don't set in his jaw until between 6 and 10 months. During this time, the puppy has a physical need to exercise his mouth by chewing a lot.

Puppy 6 - 14 Months
This will be the Second Puppy Fear Imprint Period and Fear of New Situations Period. Dog again shows fear of new situations and even familiar situations. Dog may be reluctant to approach someone or something new. It is important that you are patient and act very matter of fact in these situations. Never force the dog to face the situation. DO NOT pet the frightened puppy or talk in soothing tones. The puppy will interpret such responses as praise for being frightened. Training will help improve the dogs
Confidence.

Dog 1- 4 Years
This is the Maturity Period. You may encounter increased aggression and renewed testing for dominance, but because you have spent a lot of time with your dog, this will not present a problem at all - in fact you will probably hardly notice this, it is just something to keep in mind. Continue to train your dog during this period. It is possible for your dog to have another fear period between 12 - 16 months of age.

You, not your dog, will have to be the leader of the pack if your pup is to develop into a well-mannered family member instead of a burden. Dominance and alpha behavior are very important concepts that every Blue Lacy owner should comprehend. Dogs are animals, not human beings. They are pack animals by nature. Every pack has a leader, known as the alpha animal, which dominates and leads the other members of the pack. The pack alpha is the boss who makes the decisions for the entire pack. Usually the pack will have an alpha male and an alpha female. All the other members of the pack form a hierarchy of dominance and submission where everyone has a place.

In your home, you and your family become your dog's pack, as do any other dogs you may have. It is your responsibility to establish yourself in the pack alpha position. Anyone can be the pack leader. It is an attitude and air of authority, not a heavy hand.

Puppy Neutering and Spaying: can make for a better and more affectionate family pet. It is a medical fact that puppy spaying and neutering will prolong the life of our pets and reduce the number of health problems in later life. Females can benefit from spaying by reducing the incidence of uterine, mammary, and ovarian cancers. It can also reduce the incidence of uterine infections such as Pyometra. Puppy neutering reduces the risk of prostate and testicular cancer. They are less likely to develop unwanted behaviors such as marking, sexual aggression, and mounting, they are also less likely to escape, roam, or fight with other dogs.

Dog Grooming: Regardless of the dogs coat long or short groom daily. Even if it's only for a couple of minutes and make sure you groom over the withers. This helps in bonding and social status. In the wild the Alpha Male and Female will call over the other wolves or wild dogs individually and groom them in their pecking order. Grooming is an important social gesture. That is why some dominant dogs object to being groomed, they don't believe you have right or the position to initiate this action.

Dogs Name: Whenever possible, use your dog's name positively, rather than using it in conjunction with a reprimand, warning or punishment. Your dog should trust that when it hears its name or is called to you, good things happen. His name should always be positive and responded to with enthusiasm, never hesitancy or fear.

Canine Holistic Remedies: I am a huge advocate of Canine Holistic Medicine and some complimentary medicines for dogs especially in areas of Timidity, Fear and Anxiety. The more common and easily obtainable are Dr Bach’s Rescue Remedy, ( Flower Remedy) (chemist or health food shop, internet). D.A.P Diffuser (synthetic pheromone) (internet or vets) and Skullcap and Valerian (herbal remedy) (health stores chemists internet) these can be especially helpful in situations such as separation anxiety excessive barking and firework and Thunder phobias. To learn more about these products and other Holistic Medicines for your pets go to my favorite:Quinn Carlin

Dog Counter Surfing: This is where dogs are constantly picking things up either from the floor tables or kitchen work tops, at best it can be frustrating and annoying, at worst it can be fatal if they eat something that is dangerous. The quickest way and most permanent resolution to this problem if you feel the counter surfing could be dangerous to your dogs, is to go to your local joke shop and buy a spring loaded cap banger. This is a little metal device that when you put a cap in it and set it by putting a suitable object on top, then anyone or in this case anything picking up the food/object will set off the banger takes about three/four bangs and the dog normally decides to call it a day. The beauty of this device is most dogs are crafty and only steal when you are not in the room therefore it is the perfect solution. It can also be great for startling a digger.

Dogs Ages in Human Terms: As a general rule of thumb it should be fifteen for the 1st year, ten for the 2nd and then five for every year thereafter.

Puppy Teething: Most of the teething and chewing as apart from mouthing and nipping starts at about 4.5 months old. It takes anything up to 8 months for these new teeth to set in the jaw, whilst this is happening the pup has a need to chew. Get a knotted rope you buy as a tug, soak it in water and put it in the freezer. The ice that forms really helps hot and itchy gums. Also freeze carrots and whilst frozen give to teething pups a great and nutritious soother.

Tug: Be very gentle when you play tug with a puppy while it has its puppy/piranha teeth. It actually has little or no jaw muscles at this time therefore you can dislocate the jaw or even misalign the teeth by playing roughhouse tug games. It's also a great idea to play games of find, hide little bits of treats in the house and garden and encourage the dog to search them out, or ball games these all help dispel some of the puppy’s energies and to stimulate the mind.

Dog Crate Training: If you have a loud ticking clock put this near the bed or crate, you can also put in a hot water bottle; it mimics the mothers and siblings’ heat and the tick of the clock the heartbeats, leave a radio on in another room, and make sure it is tuned into a talk not a music station. Hopefully the owner of the Dam gave you a nice toy or blanket, which will comfort the puppy with the smells of his Dam and litter mates.

For more great information about raising a puppy visit: The Dog Listener